Finding term paper writers How To Construct An Effective Research Paper About Vaccines Vaccines and immunization are controversial topics, therefore, it is not surprising that students have to write scholarly papers on this subject quite often. This topic is both broad and deep. To avoid getting lost in the large amount of information, and to make sure you know what to write about and what to avoid, define the main points of the topic.
First dose at 12 months, second dose at least 6 months thereafter Challenges and Concessions While school vaccination requirements have been credited with bringing about the control and elimination of many devastating childhood diseases, critics have continued to voice concerns and raise legal and political challenges to the entire process of mandatory vaccination.
Personal Liberty Concerns One key argument against mandatory school Vaccines research paper has always focused on government intrusion into what is considered a personal medical choice. From a legal standpoint, Jacobson still seems to have settled the issue that at least under some circumstances, the government may force an individual to receive a vaccination.
Although public health officials have the legal authority to mandate vaccination for the public health under Jacobson, they should be very mindful of the personal liberty concerns just stated. Those with such views often cling to them vigorously.
For this reason, it is important for public health officials to support their mandatory vaccination programs with justifiable arguments rather than simply citing legal precedent or historical tradition in support of their exercise of power.
Fortunately for public health officials, the benefits provided by vaccination programs can be utilized to justify the existence of such programs.
Safety Accountability Concerns A variation on the consumer choice challenge to mandatory school vaccination requirements tends to accuse the public health community of conspiring with or at least willfully acquiescing to powerful vaccine manufacturers at the expense of citizens.
Given the historical success of vaccination in eradicating smallpox and in reducing or eliminating the risk of other childhood diseases, any critique of mandatory vaccination programs that focuses on the use of vaccines generally is likely to be dismissed by those in the field of public health.
By focusing on the economic drawbacks inherent in a mandatory vaccination program and how those drawbacks can negatively affect the quality of vaccines, this argument may gain more traction.
Indeed, all sides of this debate claim to desire both safer and more effective vaccines. Because vaccination programs depend on a sufficient percentage of the community being vaccinated, complete consumer choice carries with it problems that might be absent in a standard market.
As for vaccine quality, FDA regulation is in place to ensure a sufficient level of safety and efficacy to accomplish the goals of vaccination. If not, the answer should be to raise FDA standards, rather than to jettison the entire mandatory vaccination process and with it the likelihood of maintaining a sufficient level of immunity among the population.
This response might be unacceptable to those concerned. If the connection between public health officials entrusted with implementing the mandatory vaccination schedule and FDA regulators entrusted with ensuring the safety and efficacy of vaccines is seen as too close, proposing higher FDA standards as a solution may not allay concerns.
The independence and integrity of FDA is therefore critical in this arena, just as it is in other areas of public health. Concern of Unknown Risks In what may be a combination of the two challenges previously discussed, many individuals challenge vaccine programs because of a lack of information about vaccines.
As with the other objections to mandatory vaccination, however, this objection suffers from a critical flaw. Mandatory school vaccination requirements are not justified solely on the benefit they provide to the recipient.
Instead, it is the benefit they provide to the community as a whole by ensuring a sufficient level of vaccination to prevent outbreak that justifies their intrusive nature on individual medical decision-making.
A better critique of these programs would focus on whether mandatory vaccination causes more overall harm than a voluntary system; that is, is it better when viewed at the general, rather than the individual, level?
Ironically, the very success of vaccination programs in reducing the incidence of once-prominent diseases has led some to ignore the overall and continuing benefit of community vaccination herd immunity.
Other Concerns Other challenges to vaccination laws have cited strongly held religious or philosophical positions against vaccination in general.Jan 05, · A now-retracted British study that linked autism to childhood vaccines was an "elaborate fraud" that has done long-lasting damage to public health, a .
Immune activation during early development causes autism and other disorders. Vaccines can cause damaging immune activation. Aluminum adjuvant is implicated.
Tetanus vaccines position paper. Position paper (February ) Original English and French versions PDF [ KB] GRADE table 1a: Childhood and adolescent schedule duration of protection.
Historically, there has been a clear distinction between the roles of public-sector research and corporate research in the discovery of new drugs and vaccines to solve unmet medical needs. Vaccination is widely considered one of the greatest medical achievements of modern civilization.
Childhood diseases that were commonplace less than a generation ago are now increasingly rare because of vaccines. In order to be effective at eliminating communicable diseases, vaccines must be administered to sufficient levels of persons in the community. We identified associated gastrointestinal disease and developmental regression in a group of previously normal children, which was generally associated in time with possible environmental triggers.