The cause of the peasant revolts and the reaction of the government and people

This greatly affected the English peasants because there was a labour shortage and food was scarce.

The cause of the peasant revolts and the reaction of the government and people

Background[ edit ] In the sixteenth century, many parts of Europe had common political links within the Holy Roman Empirea decentralized entity in which the Holy Roman Emperor himself had little authority outside of his own dynastic lands, which covered only a small fraction of the whole.

Aristocratic dynasties ruled hundreds of largely independent territories both secular and ecclesiastical within the framework of the empire, and several dozen others operated as semi-independent city-states.

The princes of these dynasties were taxed by the Roman Catholic church. The princes could only gain, economically, by breaking away from the Roman church and establishing a German church under their own control, which would then not be able to tax them as the Roman church did.

Most German princes broke with Rome using the nationalistic slogan of "German money for a German church". Roman civil law advantaged princes who sought to consolidate their power because it brought all land into their personal ownership and eliminated the feudal concept of the land as a trust between lord and peasant that conferred rights as well as obligations on the latter.

By maintaining the remnants of the ancient law which legitimized their own rule, they not only elevated their wealth and position in the empire through the confiscation of all property and revenues, but increased their power over their peasant subjects.

It was conservative in nature and sought to preserve the feudal order. The knights revolted against the new money order, which was squeezing them out of existence. He criticized both the injustices imposed on the peasants, and the rashness of the peasants in fighting back. He also tended to support the centralization and urbanization of the economy.

This position alienated the lesser nobles, but shored up his position with the burghers. Luther argued that work was the chief duty on earth; the duty of the peasants was farm labor and the duty of the ruling classes was upholding the peace.

He could not support the Peasant War because it broke the peace, an evil he thought greater than the evils the peasants were rebelling against. Therefore, he encouraged the nobility to swiftly and violently eliminate the rebelling peasants.

Later, Luther also criticized the ruling classes for their merciless suppression of the insurrection. Luther has often been sharply criticized for his position.

He spent several weeks in the Klettgau area, and there is some evidence to suggest that he helped the peasants to formulate their grievances. Luther himself declared against the moderate demands of the peasantry embodied in the twelve articles.

His article Against the Murderous, Thieving Hordes of Peasants appeared in May just as the rebels were being defeated on the fields of battle. Social classes in the 16th century Holy Roman Empire[ edit ] This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

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The Peasants' Revolt

Princes had the right to levy taxes and borrow money as they saw fit. The growing costs of administration and military upkeep impelled them to keep raising demands on their subjects.

The revolt was "suppressed by both Catholic and Lutheran princes who were satisfied to cooperate against a common danger". Their luxurious lifestyle drained what little income they had as prices kept rising.

They exercised their ancient rights in order to wring income from their territories. However, in the south of Germany their powers were more intact.

The fact that this treatment was worse in the south than in the north was the reason that the war began in the south. The knights also regarded the clergy as arrogant and superfluous, while envying their privileges and wealth. Not only were they literate, but in the Middle Ages they had produced most books.

Some clergy were supported by the nobility and the rich, while others appealed to the masses. However, the clergy was beginning to lose its overwhelming intellectual authority.

The progress of printing especially of the Bible and the expansion of commerceas well as the spread of renaissance humanismraised literacy rates, according to Engels.

However, despite the secular nature of nineteenth century humanism, three centuries earlier Renaissance humanism had still been strongly connected with the Church: Over time, some Catholic institutions had slipped into corruption.

Clerical ignorance and the abuses of simony and pluralism holding several offices at once were rampant. Some bishopsarchbishopsabbots and priors were as ruthless in exploiting their subjects as the regional princes.

Increased indignation over church corruption had led the monk Martin Luther to post his 95 Theses on the doors of the Castle Church in WittenbergGermany, inas well as impelling other reformers to radically re-think church doctrine and organization.

Patricians[ edit ] Many towns had privileges that exempted them from taxes, so that the bulk of taxation fell on the peasants. As the guilds grew and urban populations rose, the town patricians faced increasing opposition.

The patricians consisted of wealthy families who sat alone in the town councils and held all the administrative offices.A similar comparison can be made with peasant revolts and unrest in the Awadh countryside of India during the interwar period.

James Scott argues that if exploitation and its impact on the peasant were the only cause for peasant rebellion, “most of the Third World (not only the Third World) would be in flames”. a reaction of. Breakdown of absolutist state, important peasant revolts against feudal system Russia Failure of top-down bureaucratic reforms, eventual dissolution of the state and widespread peasant revolts against all privately owned landFrance: Breakdown of absolutist state, important peasant revolts against feudal system.

The Result of the Peasants Revolt ashio-midori.com the surface, the peasants were crushed, their demands denied, and many executed. However, the land owners had been scared, and in the longer term several things were achieved.

Start studying Chapter Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The people from France rather die then to love free so they decided to fight for there freedom even if they could die in the process.

Reforming the government could help too since we can have more opinions from others like the.

However, one of the most serious and most notable revolts was the Peasants’ Revolt which occurred during June Before the Peasants’ Revolt in a feudal system existed that kept both peasant and landlord relatively happy. It is to the rulers’ advantage that the peasants have a bad conscience and an unjust cause, and that any peasant who is killed is lost in body and soul and is . The respite of the ban was seen by the people as the main cause of the famine Not only did the government fail to help the people, but it was also forbidden for newspapers to publicly name the problem, even though they printed the stories anyway. peasant revolts became more common as strikes increased. The opposition to the Czarist state.

A similar comparison can be made with peasant revolts and unrest in the Awadh countryside of India during the interwar period. James Scott argues that if exploitation and its impact on the peasant were the only cause for peasant rebellion, “most of the Third World (not only the Third World) would be in flames”.

a reaction of. Causes Of The Russian Revolution History Essay. Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, the people no longer trusted the government as the regime had been discredited with its inability to help the people when the people were suffering.

The public began to press for a greater role in the affairs of the nation.

The cause of the peasant revolts and the reaction of the government and people

peasant revolts.

The Peasants' Revolt