Welcome to our Sigmund Freud theory page. Freud Theories Sigmund Freud Theory: Id According to Freud, the Id directs basic drive instincts. It is unorganized and seeks to obtain pleasure, or avoid pain, at times when increased arousal of tension takes place.
Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud May 6, —September 23, was a physiologist, medical doctor, and father of psychoanalysis, and is generally recognized as one of the most influential and authoritative thinkers of the twentieth century.
He was an Austrian neurologist and the co-founder of the psychoanalytic school of psychology. Sigmund Freud The following has been adapted from the Wikipedia website.
Sigmund Freud is commonly referred to as "the father of psychoanalysis" and his work has been tremendously influential in the popular imagination, popularizing such notions as the unconscious, defense mechanisms, Freudian slips and dream symbolism, while also making a long-lasting impact on fields as diverse as literature, film, Marxist and feminist theories, literary criticism, philosophy and psychology.
Freud is best known for his theories of the unconscious mind, especially involving the mechanism of repression; his redefinition of sexual desire as mobile and directed towards a wide variety of objects; and his therapeutic technique, especially his understanding of transference in the therapeutic relationship and the presumed value of dreams as sources of insight into unconscious desires.
He had his name after three Polish kings Zygmunts Sigismunds: Inat the age of 21, he abbreviated his given name to "Sigmund. His family had limited finances and lived in a crowded apartment, but his parents made every effort to foster his intellect often favoring Sigmund over his siblingswhich was apparent from an early age.
Sigmund was ranked first in his class in six years at the "Gymnasium", his grammar school. He went on to attend the University of Vienna at 17, from to Little is known of Freud's early life, as he destroyed his personal papers at least twice, once in and again in Additionally, portions of his personal correspondence and unpublished papers were closely guarded in the Sigmund Freud Archives at the Library of Congress and for many years were made available only to a few members of the inner circle of psychoanalysis.
Most of these previously restricted documents have now been declassified and are available to researchers who visit the Library of Congress in Washington, DC. InFreud returned to Vienna and, after opening a private practice specializing in nervous and brain disorders, he married Martha Bernays.
He is often rumored to have had an affair later on with his sister-in-law, Minna Bernays C. Jung alleged as muchand a hotel log dated 13 August seems to support this allegation.
Freud experimented with hypnotism with his most hysteric and neurotic patients, but he eventually gave up the practice. One theory is that he did so because he was not very good at it. He switched to putting his patients on a couch and encouraging them to say whatever came into their minds, a practice termed free association.
In his 40s, Freud "had numerous psychosomatic disorders as well as exaggerated fears of dying and other phobias. During this self-analysis, he came to realize the hostility he felt towards his father Jacob Freud and "he also recalled his childhood sexual feelings for his mother Amalia Freudwho was attractive, warm, and protective.
Freud had little tolerance for colleagues who diverged from his psychoanalytic doctrines. He attempted to expel those who disagreed with the movement or even refused to accept certain central aspects of his theory: InFreud was awarded the Goethe Prize by the city of Frankfurt, in recognition of his exceptional qualities as a writer in the German language.
His mother died the same year, at the age of ninety-five. On June 4,they were allowed across the border into France and then they traveled from Paris to Hampstead, London, England, where they lived at 20 Maresfield Gardens now the Freud Museum. As he was leaving Germany, Gestapo forced him to sign a statement that he had been treated respectfully.
Freud wrote sarcastically, "I warmly recommend the Gestapo to everyone. Freud wrote to his friend Arnold Zweig: Newton to Charles Darwin.
When his colleague Wilhelm Fliess, a nose and throat specialist, suggested that he quit in order to clear up some nasal catarrhs, Freud was unwilling to do so.
Even after having his jaw removed due to malignancy, he continued to smoke until his death on September 23, After contracting cancer of the mouth in at the age of 67, he underwent over 30 operations to treat the disease, and for several years wore a painful prosthesis to seal off his mouth from his nasal cavity.
In the end, Freud could no longer tolerate the pain associated with his cancer. He requested that his personal physician visit him at his London home for the purpose of helping him end his own life. Freud's death was by a physician-assisted morphine overdose.
Freud has been influential in two related but distinct ways.
He simultaneously developed a theory of the human mind and human behavior, as well as clinical techniques for attempting to help neurotics.
The goal of Freudian therapy, or psychoanalysis was to bring to consciousness repressed thoughts and feelings. According to some of his successors, including his daughter Anna Freud, the goal of therapy is to allow the patient to develop a stronger ego; according to others, notably Jacques Lacan, the goal of therapy is to lead the analysand to a full acknowledgement of his or her inability to satisfy the most basic desires.
Classically, the bringing of unconscious thoughts and feelings to consciousness is brought about by encouraging the patient to talk in free association and to talk about dreams.
Another important element of psychoanalysis is a relative lack of direct involvement on the part of the analyst, which is meant to encourage the patient to project thoughts and feelings onto the analyst.
Through this process, transference, the patient can reenact and resolve repressed conflicts, especially childhood conflicts with or about parents. The origin of Freud's early work with psychoanalysis can be linked to Joseph Breuer.Sigmund Freud (May 6, –September 23, ) was a physiologist, medical doctor, and father of psychoanalysis, and is generally recognized as one of the most influential and authoritative thinkers of the twentieth century.
He was an Austrian neurologist and the co-founder of the psychoanalytic school of psychology. Sigmund Freud: The following has been adapted from the Wikipedia website. The reality principle and pleasure principle are two competing concepts established by Freud.
The pleasure principle is the psychoanalytic concept based on the pleasure drive of the id in which people seek pleasure and avoid suffering in order to satisfy their biological and psychological needs.
Dorothea Helen Ball (). Dorothea was born in in Lenzie, just outside Glasgow, the eldest of three children.
Her father died soon after her birth, and her . In Freud's psychoanalytic theory of personality, the pleasure principle is the driving force of the id that seeks immediate gratification of all needs, wants, and urges.
In other words, the pleasure principle strives to fulfill our most basic and primitive urges, including hunger, thirst, anger, and sex. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways.
If you enjoyed our page on Sigmund Freud theory, feel free to browse the following pages too: * Freud's Theory on the Principles of Dreams * Freudian Dream Analysis.