What's new on our site today! Southwest Native American Art Southwest Indian art is probably the most distinctive and best-known of Native American artistic traditions. Most southwestern tribes have remained in or near their ancestral lands, suffering less interruption of their tribal traditions than the eastern tribes. Sponsored Links Southwest Indian designs are instantly recognizable and have saturated the American mainstream, their characteristic geometric patterns visible everywhere from cowboy hat bands to Arizona's state flag; sanitized Kokopelli silhouettes festoon lawns in New Mexico the way gnomes in pointy hats do in Pennsylvania.
Candlestick Artwork The History Alexander Graham Bell's patent for the telephone, , issued by the patent office on March 7th,has been called the most valuable patent ever issued.
There is no denying its importance today, but the story of the Telephone includes a little known, but historic competitive chapter that began a short time after the first patent was issued and didn't end until Bell's monopoly was firmly entrenched.
This is how it began When Bell's attorney filed his application at the patent office on February 14th,it came only hours before Elisha Gray filed his Notice of Invention for a telephone. Mystery still surrounds Bell's application and what happened that day. In particular, the key point to Bell's application, the principle of variable resistance, was scribbled in a margin, almost as an afterthought.
Some think Bell was told of Gray's Notice then allowed to change his application. That was never proven, despite some lawsuits that would eventually challenge the patent, all of which Bell won or settled. The months following the patent grant proved financially difficult for Bell and his backers.
Critics claimed Bell's patent could not produce a working telephone and many stated they had a prior claim. In one of the greatest mis-calculations in history, Western Union said no.
Instead, Western Union believed that the telegraph, not the telephone, was the future. In September, Western Union changed its mind when one of its largest subsidiaries, the Gold and Stock Telegraphy Company, ripped out their telegraphs and started using Bell telephones.
Rather than buying patent rights or licenses from Bell Telephone, Western Union decided to buy patents from others and start their own telephone company.
They were not alone. At least 1, telephone companies organized and operated in the 17 years Bell's patent was supposed to be protected. Most competitors disappeared as soon as the Bell Company filed suit against them for patent infringement, but not all. Some disagreed with Bell's right to the patent, some ignored it altogether, others started a phone company because Bell's people would not provide service to their area.
Dolbear for their telephone inventions. A tremendous selling point for their telephones was Edison's improved transmitter. Bell Telephone was deeply worried since they had installed only 3, phones by the end of Western Union, on the other hand, hadmiles of telegraph wire strung overmiles of route.
If not stopped they would have an enormous head start on making telephone service available across the country. Undaunted by the size of Western Union, then the world's largest telecom company, Bell's Boston lawyers sued them for patent infringement the next year. It also retained its telegraph business as before.
The court's decision made the National Bell Telephone Company even bigger, resulting in a new entity with a new name. American Bell Telephone Company was created on February 20,capitalized with over seven million dollars. Bell now managedtelephones. Shortly thereafter, inBell completed the takeover of Western Electric Company, a previous rival and a manufacturer of telephones that would, from that day on, produce products exclusively for the Bell Telephone System.
Story of the Candlestick Telephone The first consumer telephones were heavy wooden wall mounted hand cranked telephones.
That changed in when Bell introduced the first upright desk top telephone called "desk stand" or "candlestick" telephone.American Indian Heritage Month.
Join us for vibrant performances, lectures, family activities, and exhibitions. Art history is the study of objects of art in their historical development and stylistic contexts; in the English-speaking world, and the influence of Panofsky's methodology, in particular, determined the course of American art history for a generation.
Freud and psychoanalysis an introduction. New York, NY: IconEditions. Frazier, N. The call for a Bill of Rights began with the debate over the ratification of the Constitution. Read what was said in newspaper articles and in state ratification debates about the need for a Bill of Rights.
Prepare your child to understand American history, write great history reports, and have an easy, clear way to learn more about U.S. history with the Children's Encyclopedia of American History, an essential resource for understanding American history and the events that have shaped the creation of the United ashio-midori.comd in collaboration with the Smithsonian Institution, the Children's.
The Smithsonian American Art Museum's collection began modestly in , when a Washingtonian named John Varden set out to form a museum in the nation's capital for his collection of European art.
At first, the art was placed in a room he added to his own house near the U.S. Capitol. A New Deal for Artists was organized to celebrate the 75th anniversary of the Public Works of Art Project by drawing on the Smithsonian American Art Museum's unparalleled collection of vibrant artworks created for the program.
The paintings in this exhibition are .